Documentaire: Guerre d’Algérie – la déchirure (1.53.01)

Une série documentaire de Gabriel Le Bominet Benjamin Stora
Réalisée par Gabriel Le Bomin
Racontée par Kad Merad

A partir d’images d’archives, en grande partie inédites et provenant de sources très diverses (archives de l’armée française jusque là interdites, archives de la télévision française mais aussi images des télévisions anglaises, algériennes et d’Europe de l’Est ou encore images d’amateurs), Guerre d’Algérie – la déchirure entend donner à voir le conflit dans toute sa globalité, rendant compte de la diversité des points de vue pour chercher à comprendre ce qui s’est vraiment passé.

Who’s Afraid of a Feminist Foreign Policy?

Nordberg-Swedens-Feminist-Foreign-Minister-690By Jenny Nordberg

New Yorker

Last month, Saudi Arabia abruptly cut ties with Sweden, recalling its ambassador and announcing that it would issue no new visas to Swedish business travelers. The cause, according to Saudi Arabia, was some remarks made by Margot Wallström, the foreign minister of Sweden.

On February 11th, Wallström, speaking before the Swedish parliament, stated what may appear to be a few facts about Saudi Arabia: she said that women are not allowed to drive, that their human rights are violated, and that the country is a dictatorship in which the royal family has absolute power. Like representatives of several other European countries, she also criticized the public flogging of the blogger Raif Badawi and later called it “medieval.”

Wallström, whose government recognized the State of Palestine last year, had been asked to deliver a speech at an Arab League summit in Cairo in late March, but Saudi Arabia intervened, and Wallström was disinvited. On March 9th, Saudi Arabia withdrew its ambassador to Sweden, saying that Wallström had “unacceptably interfered” in the country’s internal affairs. The United Arab Emirates followed suit a week later. Due to Saudi Arabia’s diplomatic wrangling, Wallström was also condemned by the Gulf Cooperation Council (which consists of Bahrain, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and the U.A.E.), The Organization of Islamic Cooperation, which includes fifty-seven countries, and the Arab League itself. Finally, Saudi Arabia leveled a more serious charge against Wallström: that by commenting on the punishment of public flogging, the Swedish foreign minister had criticized Sharia law and Islam.

A decade after the U.N. adopted Security Council Resolution 1325, which speaks to the necessity of including women in peace agreements, ninety-seven per cent of military peacekeepers are still men, and less than one in ten participants in peace negotiations are women.

Wallström also cites a growing body of research showing that women’s security is directly related to both national and international security. In the 2012 book “Sex and World Peace” a team of four researchers (Valerie M. Hudson, Bonnie Ballif-Spanvill, Mary Caprioli, and Chad F. Emmett) present data indicating that the more violent a state and its citizens are toward women, the more violent that state is likely to be over all, both internally and in its dealings with outside world. “In fact, the very best predictor of a state’s peacefulness is not its level of wealth, its level of democracy, or its ethno-religious identity; the best predictor of a state’s peacefulness is how well its women are treated,” Hudson wrote in a piece for Foreign Policy. 

“It’s time to become a little braver in foreign policy,” Wallström told me. “Does anyone seriously mean that Sweden should apologize for what we say about democracy and human rights? We’re not backing down from that.”

 

Survival Strategies for Local Journalism

Vara-Local-Journalism-690

By Vauhini Vara

New Yorker

In an attempt to draw readers and advertisers, the San Francisco Chronicle began printing on high-quality glossy paper in November, 2009. Its circulation had dropped by more than fifty per cent in less than a decade.

(…)

The awareness that advertising alone is not a sustainable model for local news has led some companies and nonprofits to look at other approaches. The Knight Foundation, which has helped to fund nonprofit local-journalism initiatives, last week published the third installment in a series of reports, begun in 2011, on how outfits focussed on particular cities or states have progressed toward being financially sustainable. (The Knight Foundation has funded many of them.) This year’s report contains some fascinating details, including the 2013 budgets of the twenty outfits the foundation studied. Their spending that year ranged from thirty-four thousand dollars (the Rapidian, of Grand Rapids, Michigan, which launched in 2009 and had three employees) to more than seven million dollars (the Texas Tribune, started in 2009, which covers the state of Texas and employed forty-two people). Seventeen of the twenty publications had budgets of less than a million dollars.

The report puts one of its most important findings in blunt terms: “Nonprofits remain very reliant on foundation funding, and few appear to be rapidly approaching a sustainable business model”—that is, one that would allow the publication to live on without grants. To be specific, the news organizations received, on average, about fifty-eight per cent of their revenue from foundation and other grant funding. Earned income (from sources like advertising, corporate sponsorship, syndication of stories in other outlets, and sponsored in-person events) made up twenty-three per cent, while individual donations or membership fees comprised nineteen per cent. Jonathan Sotsky, the director of strategy and assessment at the Knight Foundation, told me, “A lot of these sites are started by former journalists, so they’re so focussed on editorial.”  By “editorial,” Sotsky was referring to the published material, rather than the revenue model that sustains the publication. “The problem is that you can put up great content, but if you’re not creating a sustainable business model, you’re not going to have the lights on very long.”

 

2015 et 1989; plus ça change…

2015

Un noyau dur reste encore à l’UQAM, où les associations facultaires des arts et des sciences humaines ont reconduit la grève – soit environ 10 000 des 44 000 étudiants. Ni l’une ni l’autre n’a voulu se prononcer sur la perte d’appuis, lorsque Le Journal les a contactées, hier.

(Journal de Montréal)

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Gil Courtemanche

Douces colères,

VLB, 1989

« Comme toujours, les premiers et les derniers à faire la manchette sont les étudiants en sciences humaines de l’Uqam, ou plutôt les quelques centaines d’étudiants à quart ou à vingtième temps, qui parlent régulièrement au nom des 12 000 étudiants de cette famille (…)

En rapportant un événement ou des propos, les médias les font exister. Dans une certaine mesure, ils les créent. Et ils nous arrivent souvent de donner corps à des fatômes. Qu’y a-t-il de plus mensonger que le titre suivant : « Les étudiants du collège X déclarent la grève », quand on apprend dans le troisième paragraphe que 235 étudiants sur 400 ont décidé de fermer un collège fréquenté par 3000 étudiants? Il n’y a qu’un titre qui puisse témoigner de cette réalité et c’est « 7.8 p. cent des étudiants du collège X votent en faveur de la grève ». Par inconscience, par paresse et souvent par affinité avec tous les mouvements contestataires, nous entrons régulièrement dans le jeu des activistes minoritaires, des professionnels de la conférence de presse, des coprs intermédiaires qui ne représentent que le nombre de lettres qui composent leur sigle compliqué.

 

Les ventes de livres neufs chutent encore au Québec

imageCatherine Lalonde 

Le Devoir

Effet de la vente de livres en ligne, au profit des Amazon de ce monde ? Dissipation de la lecture de livres au profit des multiples écrans qui nous entourent ? Dévalorisation de la lecture soufflée par l’époque ? Les pistes sont nombreuses, les causes pas encore disséquées. Mais les statistiques 2014 de l’Observatoire de la culture et des communications du Québec confirment l’intuition de plusieurs observateurs du milieu du livre : la situation a déjà été plus reluisante. L’an dernier, les ventes de livres neufs au Québec ont totalisé 622 419 508 $, une baisse de plus de 65,6$ millions depuis 2013.

 

France: Harcèlement des femmes dans les transports : le rapport qui veut frapper fort. Six femmes sur dix craignent les vols ou les agressions dans les transports publics.

France 24

violences-sexistes-1280

The surprising downsides of being clever. Can high intelligence be a burden rather than a boon? David Robson investigates.

BBC

The harsh truth is that greater intelligence does not equate to wiser decisions — In fact, it can make you more foolish

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